U.S. Department of

Transportation - National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Distracted

Driving 2009. Traffic Safety

Facts Research Note

DOT HS 811 379, Sept. 2010.

B. N. Schilit, D. M. Hilbert,

and J. Price. Context-aware communication. IEEE Wireless Communications, Oct. 2002.

J. K. Caird, C. R. Willness,

P. Steel, , and C. Scialfa.

A meta-analysis of the

effects of cell phones on

driver performance.

Accident Analysis &

Prevention, 40(4), 2008.

Published Papers:

Janne Lindqvist and Jason Hong. Undistracted Driving: A Mobile Phone that Doesn’t Distract, in HotMobile 2011: 12th Workshop

on Mobile Computing Systems

and Applications, Phoenix,

Arizona, USA, March 1-2, 2011.

Janne Lindqvist and Jason Hong, Mitigating Mobile Phone

Distractions While Driving,

one page abstract in adjunct proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Automotive

User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications (AutomotiveUI 2010).




Undistracted Driving with Mobile Phones

Project Objectives:
In the United States alone, operating mobile phones while driving has been cited as a factor in crashes that have led to 995 deaths and 24,000 injuries in 2009 [USDOT]. Our approach to undistracted driving answers many mobile information needs drivers have without drivers having to operate the mobile phone at all. We implement novel approaches such as time-shifting, burden-shifting and activity-based sharing by using context-awareness [CONTEXT-AWARE], provided by modern mobile phone platform sensors.


Technology Rationale:
Current research indicates the risks of using a mobile phone while driving [USDOT]. Researchers have also shown that hands-free devices do not help [HANDS-FREE]. However, today’s smartphones have sensors and capabilities that can help to automate tasks that people otherwise would handle today by calling.

Technical Approach:
Our approach is seemingly contradictory: we aim to nudge people not to use their mobile phones while driving with the mobile phone. We use the sensors and other capabilities of smartphones to build a context-aware communication system, which implements 1) burden-shifting (the driver does not need to do call processing), 2) time-shifting (non-urgent messaging is deferred to later, after the driver has stopped driving) and activity-based sharing (sharing location and status information only when it is appropriate)




Results To Date and Future Work Plan:
This project has led to a paper in HotMobile'11 and a poster in AutomotiveUI'10. We have designed and implemented novel user interfaces and interaction techniques, and are currently working on the system and communication support for the designed approaches.




Prof. Janne Lindqvist
732-932-6857 Ext. 633

janne (AT) winlab (DOT) rutgers (DOT) edu

Prof. Marco Gruteser

732-932-6857 Ext. 649

gruteser (AT) winlab (DOT) rutgers (DOT) edu





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